Best Indian Spices and Uses for Them

Indian spices come in more than 40 varieties. Many, like a stone flower and garcinia, are obscure and utilized only in particular places. This list of 24 strong spices, which spans several centuries of culinary traditions from across the vast subcontinent, is used in nearly all Indian cuisine.

Cooking beautifully requires the nearly supernatural act of combining traditional spices. Without a doubt, learning to cook Indian food will significantly increase your cooking skills. The top 24 herbs used in Indian cuisine are listed below. Understanding these spices is an excellent place to start when expanding your knowledge.

Haldi or turmeric

Turmeric is required in Indian cooking. A pulverized spice called turmeric has an underlying earthy flavor. This spice has the most stunning yellow color of all the ones used in Indian cuisine and offers significant health advantages. A teaspoon is typically all needed for a family of four to flavor and color a dish. Make sure to add at least a dash of black pepper to your words if they are being utilized for health reasons. The anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric are excellent. However, they are lessened when black pepper’s piperine is absent.

jeera or cumin

Cumin seed is a common spice in Indian cuisine and curries with flavors reminiscent of dill or caraway. Typically, whole cumin seeds should be utilized and fried in oil at the start of a dish (the process called take).

Cumin seeds will soon turn brown at a higher heat, usually within 15 seconds. Be careful not to burn them; when you hear them popping, you know they’re done. Ground cumin powder is one of the main components of the garam masala spice blend and another whole spice used in India.

Emerald cardamom (Cchoti Ilayachi)

Cardamom Green cardamom has an unmistakable flavor. A cineole substance tastes a lot like eucalyptus (like many cough medicines). It tastes fantastic when fried in hot oil at the start of making Indian cuisine. Typically, an Indian recipe will call for two to six entire cardamom pods.

One of the essential spices on our list, coriander, is the seed of cilantro.

This seed, used in numerous recipes like Madras and Vindaloo, has a citrus-like aroma blended with some green, woody undertones. The most straightforward approach to using coriander seeds is grinding them into powder before adding them to a sauce.


The leaves of the same plant, cilantro, are a must-have flavorful garnish for practically any dish, but they pair exceptionally well with heartier meat dishes and dals that have a rich, robust flavor. Be mindful that some people may find cilantro to taste soapy while using it.

Masala Garam

Garam masala is the most well-known seasoning in India. In reality, it’s a blend of dried spices that includes tej patta, cinnamon, nutmeg, cardamom, cumin, and pepper. Many dishes, like Chana Masala, use it. While your onions are frying or while your sauce is simmering, add one to two teaspoons. It is occasionally used as a garnish.

Visit our post to learn how to prepare and utilize garam masala in Indian food. It’s essential to notice that garam masala has the widest variety of spices. It is unlike any other herb in that the ingredients used to manufacture it and, as a result, the taste varies significantly from place to region. No matter what food you consume in India, this spice, or this blend of spices, will probably be an ingredient. Some dishes feature mustard, others contain a lot of fennel, and others only a little.